The origin of the Olympic Games dates back to ancient Greece. Its main promoter was the poet Pindato. As it is known, the beginnings of this sporting event go back to a legend of this poet in which it is said that Heracles (Hercules) was the one who gave the name to a series of sports practices in honour of Zeus his father. The students of the history of the sport, give as the probable date of beginning between years 704 and 884 a.c.
With the first games, different sports disciplines were combined with other artistic activities and they took breaks to offer sacrifices and other ceremonies in honour of Zeus. The so-called Olympic games were celebrated between the months of July and August. The emergence of the games was not exactly as a sporting necessity but as a kind of distraction in a Greece that was going through a political and economic crisis.
The games emerged as an alternative approach between the Greek peoples. Over time the participation of multiple Greek colonies settled on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea increased. The duration of the games was initially five days and during the opening ceremony, the athletes had to take the oath to respect the rules; which were engraved in bronze tables and that was in the main facilities of the Olympic Senate.
The different competitions had the name Agones: The long jump where the athletes took a little momentum to jump over a dirt pit and in which the length was not measured but a comparison was made between the tracks left by the competitors. The discus throw and the javelin were other disciplines that were practised.
Another of the sports disciplines were the lucrative agonies that consisted of the fight that basically was about grips and prey to make the opponent fall. Pugilato, another of the disciplines that basically dealt with punching the opponent.
Equestrian agones were the most important event of the games, in which horses could be observed competing through obstacles such as fences, pits, slopes and very difficult terrain. This competition was developed in Hippodrome of Olimpia that had a circuit of 1540 meters.
Another important event was the pentathlon which, according to Aristotle himself, was the test that perfected the man in whom physical skill and strength developed. This event was composed of five competitions: Jumping, Disco, Javelin, Speed and Wrestling. The athletes of Spartan origin were those that dominated this discipline widely.
It is known that the winners of the different sports disciplines were gathered in the temple of Zeus and were given as an honour and glory prize for the outstanding athletes at the same time that symbolically they were given delivery of an object that in the beginning was an apple, eventually replaced with an olive crown and then a laurel.
It was of great importance to the winner because the name of the father, the place of his birth and the lineage was inscribed in a register. The athlete who managed the Azaña to win all the sports disciplines of the pentathlon had the right to have a statue erected in the temple of Zeus.
After adopting Christianity as the official religion, the celebration of the games was prohibited and in 393 AD the last Olympic Games were held in antiquity, twelve centuries after its inception.
On June 23, 1894, the International Olympic Committee was founded and it was agreed that the celebration of the games is resumed and that these would take place every 4 years, with the beginning of the modern Olympic Games in the year 1896 in Athens. Even though the games were held in Athens there are many of the islands and regions in Greece that share historic evidence from the antique era.
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